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Deformation profile of a piece of japonica cooked rice with squeezing test

MATEC Web of Conferences. 2018;197:04005 DOI 10.1051/matecconf/201819704005

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: MATEC Web of Conferences

ISSN: 2261-236X (Online)

Publisher: EDP Sciences

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)

Country of publisher: France

Language of fulltext: French, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Efrina Efrina

Komoda Yoshiyuki

Suzuki Hiroshi

Hidema Ruri

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Editorial review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The texture of cooked rice plays an important role in the characteristics of cooked rice. It can be firmness or stickiness depends on the amount of amylopectin inside the cooked rice, the higher the content will be more stickiness. Japonica rice is the type of rice with highest amylopectin content. Therefore the texture is the most stickiness. This research is to define the stickiness of japonica cooked rice using stress-strain behavior through uniaxial compression test. Stress defined as a normal force divided by a cross-sectional area in the horizontal plane while strain as a shrinking ratio of cooked rice. A single Japonica cooked rice squeezed using parallel plate type rheometer with constant velocity (0,2; 0,5; 1; 2; 4 mm/s). The deformation process of cooked rice was recorded from both side and bottom views to measure area transformation. The result showed that stress-strain of the deformation of cooked japonica rice was strongly depended on velocity. The low velocity (0,2;0,5;1 and 1 mm/s) are same with high velocity (2 and 4 mm/s) the during first deformation but significantly different statistically in the later deformation.