Minerals (2019-02-01)

Accumulation of Arsenic and Heavy Metals in Native and Cultivated Plant Species in a Lead Recycling Area in Vietnam

  • Ha T. T. Chu,
  • Tu V. Vu,
  • Tam K. B. Nguyen,
  • Ha T. H. Nguyen

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/min9020132
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9, no. 2
p. 132

Abstract

Read online

This study was conducted to determine the soil contamination and the accumulation of arsenic (As) and heavy metals including chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in 15 native and cultivated plant species in a Pb recycling area of Dong Mai village, Hung Yen Province, Vietnam. The analysis of 32 soil samples collected from seven different sites in the study area revealed that the contents of Al, Fe, As, Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the soils ranged from 6200⁻32,600, 11,300⁻55,500, 5.4⁻26.8, 24.9⁻290, 66.0⁻252, 143⁻455, 0.71⁻1.67, and 370⁻47,400 mg/kg, respectively. The contents of As, Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in rice grains and the shoots of 15 plant species ranged from 0.14⁻10.2, 1.00⁻10.2, 5.19⁻23.8, 34.7⁻165, 0.06⁻0.99, and 2.83⁻1160 mg/kg-dry weight (DW), respectively. Hymenachne acutigluma (Steud.) Gilliland, a potential hyperaccumulator of Pb (1160 mg/kg-DW), is considered the best candidate for phytoremediation of Pb-contaminated soil. The cultivation of rice and vegetables, and the use of some native plants for food for humans, pigs, and cattle should be managed with consideration of the accumulation of Pb in their aboveground biomass.

Keywords