Predictors of Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Organ Donation in Kuwait

IMC Journal of Medical Science. 2016;10(1):01-09

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: IMC Journal of Medical Science

ISSN: 2519-1721 (Print); 2519-1586 (Online)

Publisher: Ibrahim Medical College

LCC Subject Category: Medicine

Country of publisher: Bangladesh

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS


Batool Y. Bosakhar (Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences,Kuwait University,Kuwait)

Zainab A. Al-Mesailekh (Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences,Kuwait University,Kuwait)

Shareefah A. Al-Farhan (Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences,Kuwait University,Kuwait)

Danah A. Arab (Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences,Kuwait University,Kuwait)

Nour A. Al-Tawheid (Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences,Kuwait University,Kuwait)

Nourah F. Al-Ali (Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences,Kuwait University,Kuwait)

Amal K. Mitra (Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences,Kuwait University,Kuwait)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Background and objectives: In Kuwait, information regarding public knowledge and attitudes towards organ donation are scanty. This study aimed to evaluate public knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation and determine factors which predict them. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 630 participants recruited from 27 randomly selected public cooperative societies and private supermarkets in Kuwait. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Results: The prevalence rate of knowledge about organ donation was 68%, with a significantly higher rate among females than males (73% vs. 63%, respectively, p = 0.01). A composite score of knowledge was also higher among females than males (8.4 ± 5.8 vs. 6.8 ± 5.8, respectively, p = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, female gender (OR = 1.7; 95% CI =1.2, 2.4) and an educational level of bachelor’s degree or higher (OR = 2.6, 95% CI = 1.7, 3.9) were significant predictors of the knowledge. Among the barriers, more females than males mentioned about the fear of the operative procedures (p<0.001) and complications after the surgery (p = 0.011). Overall, 73% accepted the idea of organ donation during life, and 67% actually opted for donating their organs during life. However, almost everybody wanted to donate organs to their relatives. Conclusion: The study identified factors predicting knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation. The results will help in planning how to improve the rate of donors in Kuwait. IMC J Med Sci 2016; 10(1): 01-09