In Autumn 2020, DOAJ will be relaunching with a new website with updated functionality, improved search, and a simplified application form. More information is available on our blog. Our API is also changing.

Hide this message

Improving the Quality of Nonwoven Materials Manufacturing based on Analysis of its Water Permeability

Foundations of Management. 2016;8(1):35-42 DOI 10.1515/fman-2016-0003


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Foundations of Management

ISSN: 2300-5661 (Online)

Publisher: Sciendo

Society/Institution: Warsaw University of Technology

LCC Subject Category: Social Sciences: Industries. Land use. Labor: Management. Industrial management | Social Sciences: Commerce: Business

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Walczak Renata (Warsaw University of Technology, College of Economics and Social Sciences, Warsaw, Poland)

Neumann Paweł (Warsaw University of Technology, College of Economics and Social Sciences, Warsaw, Poland)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Composite nonwoven materials such as polypropylene are widely used for medical purposes due to their unique properties. During the production process, polymer fibers are created using multiple extruders; the material is formed from a web of polypropylene fibers bonded together by cooling and rolling out between cylinders. The production process is often unreliable; hence properties such as water resistance vary across the length of the composite. The nonwovens are often used to manufacture medical attire, which further needs to be sterilized, and in order to choose the optimal method, one needs to know the cloth's water resistance. The aim of the study was to investigate the statistical distribution of permeability in composite nonwovens and its relevance to business decisions. Investigation was performed on multiple samples at different stages of production. It was found that water resistance is strictly correlated with the quality of the material and is increased in the sterilization process. The statistical analysis of water resistance in nonwoven material, both raw and processed, can be used by medical manufacturers in order to optimize costs in the production process.