Amendment to local government political acts, introduced in January 2018, expanded the catalogue of legal instruments for participation of residents of local government units in solving the actual problems of their self-governing communities. The catalogue included a citizens’ resolution-passing initiative, which may be classified as a means of integrating members of a given community and involving them in the process of law making. Until the entry into force of legal solutions, introduced by the amending act, the issues of the resolution-passing initiative were subject to statutory regulations. The scope of these regulations was diverse, which is why the legislator decided to harmonise them. The study includes an analysis of applicable legal solutions that shape the institution of the citizens’ resolution-passing initiative as well as their assessment and an attempt to formulate de lege lata conclusions.