The ceramic complex of the Mayma archaeological culture

Вестник археологии, антропологии и этнографии. 2018;(4(43)):74-83 DOI 10.20874/2071-0437-2018-43-4-074-083

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Вестник археологии, антропологии и этнографии

ISSN: 1811-7465 (Print); 2071-0437 (Online)

Publisher: Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RA

Society/Institution: Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RA

LCC Subject Category: Auxiliary sciences of history: Archaeology

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Kazakov A.А. (Barnaul Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 16 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The Maymа archaeological culture was designated more than 25 years ago; however, no attempts have been undertaken since then to scrutinize this important cultural and chronological entity. Despite the accumulation of a large amount of ceramic complex material, which is known to be the most representative source, the vast majority of this material is yet to be analysed. In this work, the author investigates published data on ceramic complexes found at the Maymа archaeological culture site using standard qualitative and quantitative analytical methods. The conclusions obtained by qualitative analysis according to 5 parameters (shape of vessel, shape of bottom, shape of neck, any ornamental element, ornamental composition) were additionally tested by cluster analysis. Three groups of complexes, corresponding to the 3 developmental stages of the Maymа archaeological culture, were identified as Sailap, Gornoelban and Novozykovо on the basis of a correlation of the qualitative and quantitative data. Available dating information allowed the author to develop a relative chronology of the stages. It is shown that the earliest was Sailap, then Gornoelban, and finally Novozykovо. Absolute dating for the 3 stages is proposed as follows: Sailap — 1st century B.C. — 4th century A.D.; Gornoelban — 4th–6th centuries A.D.; Novozykovо — 6th–8th centuries A.D. A comparison of the characteristics of the ceramic complexes at the diffe-rent stages revealed several distinct evolutionary patterns. A comparison of the ceramic complex from the prece-ding period found in this region (Bystryankа archaeological culture) with the Maymа culture revealed no common features. This allowed a conclusion to be drawn that the population migrated to the territory of the middle section of the Biya river (where the complexes of the earliest Sailap stage are located) and subsequently spread over the entire region of the Maymа archaeological culture. A hypothesis is advanced concerning the later transformation of the Maymа archaeological culture as a result of its merger with the Odintsovo culture as evidenced in the artifacts of the Basandaikа archaeological culture.