Frontiers in Earth Science (2021-04-01)

A One-Class-Classifier-Based Negative Data Generation Method for Rapid Earthquake-Induced Landslide Susceptibility Mapping

  • Shuai Chen,
  • Zelang Miao,
  • Lixin Wu,
  • Anshu Zhang,
  • Qirong Li,
  • Yueguang He

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9


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Machine learning with extensively labeled training samples (e.g., positive and negative data) has received much attention in terms of addressing earthquake-induced landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM). However, the extensive amount of labeled training data required by machine learning, particularly the precise negative data (i.e., non-landslide area), cannot be easily and efficiently collected. To address this issue, this study presents a one-class-classifier-based negative data generation method for rapid earthquake-induced LSM. First, an incomplete landslide inventory (i.e., positive data) was produced with the aid of change detection using before-and-after satellite images and the Geographic Information System (GIS). Second, a one-class classifier was utilized to compute the probability of landslide occurrence based on the incomplete landslide inventory followed by the negative data generation from the low landslide susceptibility areas. Third, the positive data as well as the generated negative data (i.e., non-landslide) were compounded to train a traditional binary classifier to produce the final LSM. Experimental results suggest that the proposed method is capable of achieving a result that is comparable to methods using the complete landslide inventory, and it displays good correspondence with recent landslide events, making it a suitable method for rapid earthquake-induced LSM. The findings in this study would be useful in regional disaster planning and risk reduction.