Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy (Jan 2022)

Efficacy of Digitally Supported and Real-Time Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose-Driven Counseling in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Real-World, Retrospective Study in North India

  • Sabharwal M,
  • Misra A,
  • Ghosh A,
  • Chopra G

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 15
pp. 23 – 33

Abstract

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Mudit Sabharwal,1 Anoop Misra,2 Amerta Ghosh,2 Gautam Chopra1 1BeatO, Health Arx Technologies Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India; 2Fortis C-DOC Hospital, Center of Excellence for Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases, and Endocrinology, New Delhi, IndiaCorrespondence: Mudit Sabharwal Email [email protected]: Poor glycemic control is prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in India. This study aims to understand the effectiveness of a smartphone-connected glucometer, real-time feedback, and contextualized counseling on glycemic control and hypoglycemic episodes in T2DM patients.Methods: This retrospective, multicenter study reviewed the medical records of T2DM patients belonging to several cities of north India, who were digitally engaged with a smartphone-connected glucometer and who had received at least one counseling session between September 2019 and July 2020. Intervention included self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) using a smartphone-connected glucometer enabled with real-time transmission of information to certified diabetes educators (CDE) and their corresponding counseling based on SMBG findings.Results: Of 7111 adult T2DM patients included in this study, majority (75%) of the patients received a single session of counseling, and the remaining patients received 2 (16.7%), 3 (5%), 4 (2%), or ≥ 5 (1.3%) sessions. The mean age of the patients was 51.6 years, and the majority (77.9%) were males. Digital monitoring of BG and counseling with CDE significantly reduced the mean fasting (by 9.6%), pre-prandial (by 9.9%), and post-prandial (by 9.2%) BG values in 53%, 52%, and 54% of patients, respectively. The majority (81.4%) of patients showed no hypoglycemic episode (≤ 70 mg/dL) post-counseling. The hypoglycemia episodes observed with FBG, pre-prandial, and post-prandial BG values were reduced significantly by 58.5%, 48.1%, and 61.8%, respectively, post-counseling.Conclusion: Digitally supported and real-time SMBG-driven counselling was effective in glycemic control and reduction of hypoglycemic episodes in T2DM patients in India. Moreover, reduction in hypoglycemia may be due to back end real-time support of CDE intervention.Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, glucometer, glycemic control, self-monitoring of blood glucose, counseling

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