Abstract The optimal synchronous conditions to extract tea polysaccharides (TPS) and tea polyphenols (TPP) from Ya'an Tibetan tea were investigated, and the antioxidative capacity of TPS and TPP was measured, and the tea was analyzed to identify the polyphenol compounds it contained. On the basis of single‐factor experiments, a Box–Behnken design and response surface methodology were applied to optimize the hot water extraction conditions. The optimal extraction technology was determined as extraction temperature of 83°C, time of 104 min, and liquid‐to‐material ratio of 41 ml/g, yielding TPP and TPS at 42.70 ± 2.38 mg/g and 53.86 ± 3.79 mg/g, respectively. The TPS and TPP in Ya'an Tibetan tea have high eliminating activities on DPPH and strong reducing power, with TPP showing a higher antioxidant activity than TPS. UHPLC‐QqQ‐MS/MS analysis identified EGCG, GCG, and ECG as major polyphenol components in Ya'an Tibetan tea. These findings might promote the application of Ya'an Tibetan tea in the food industry.