Vestnik MGSU (2019-12-01)

The Interpretation Center “Hillfort Odoevskoe”

  • Alexandr N. Belkin

DOI
https://doi.org/10.22227/1997-0935.2019.12.1523-1529
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 14, no. 12
pp. 1523 – 1529

Abstract

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Introduction. The article is devoted to the study of the possibility of recreating the architectural and artistic image of the historical landscape, which has the status of an archaeological monument of the XVII century and includes a wooden fortress of the XVI–XVII centuries. In the recreated fortress, it is planned to organize an interpretive center “Hillfort Odoevskoe”. Materials and methods. The research consisted of the field surveys, the study of historical, historical-architectural, local literary sources, documents, and identification of quantitative parameters necessary for the reconstruction of the fortress, as well as the use of these data in the conceptual architectural design. There is a lack of sources on the research subject. The discovered records mention the hillfort only in the context of general and local history. The research was carried out at the level of archaeological exploration; no iconographic materials were found. Results. The study has found the possibility of a reconstruction of Odoev wooden fortress and proposed the concept of the architectural organization of the interpretation center “Odoevskoe settlement”. The research emphasized the importance of this recreation to increase the expressiveness of the urban composition, enrichment, and development of the functional structure of Odoev town. Odoevskaya fortress was a part of the Tula or Big zasechnaya line. Its creation in the XVI century and reconstruction in the XVII century were significant for the development of the state strategic measures . The passport of the hillfort monument states that it is of interest to reconstruct of the general system of fortifications of the XVII century. Odoevskaya fortress is a rare example of preserved natural and historical relief, the territory of which is free from buildings. The paper presents the rough plan and general characteristics of the hillfort reconstruction project. It also considered the proposals on the possibility of using structures with the allocation of several functional zones. Conclusions. The study positively estimates the possibility of recreating the architectural and artistic image of the historical landscape, including the fortress of the XVI–XVII centuries and using the territory and constructions to organize the interpretation center.

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