Introduction. At the present stage of comparative linguistics, the study of the linguocultural specificity of phraseological units attracts the attention of modern linguists. In this regard, a large number of works devoted to linguocultural issues have appeared in science recently. Scientists of various directions in the last two decades have especially intensively investigated the problems of translating cultural meanings, namely, in phraseological units. But phraseological units with the meaning of time in a comparative terms, namely, in the Russian and Kyrgyz languages, have not yet been considered. Research methods. The article discusses the linguistic and cultural features of phraseological units, denoting the evening time of the day in Russian and Kyrgyz languages, in a comparative terms. So, with the help of phraseological units, an image of the evening time of the day is presented in Russian and Kyrgyz linguocultures. A comparative analysis was carried out in order to identify the features, similarities and distinctive features of the two studied languages. As an example, Kyrgyz and Russian phraseological units were selected from dictionaries and phraseological units were analyzed, such as «каш карайганда», «иңир талаш», «көз байлаган кез», «вечер жизни», «еще не вечер». Research results. In the Kyrgyz language, there are a lot of phraseological units denoting the evening time of the day, since since ancient times the Kyrgyz people led a nomadic lifestyle, being in the mountains, having neither a clock nor a calendar, perfectly navigated by the sun and used the solar calendar. Thus, the analysis of the presented phraseological units leads to the idea that the Russian language is inclined to more generalized designations, while the Kyrgyz language prefers more fragmented periods of time. And all this was influenced by the way of life.