Kidney & Blood Pressure Research (Jan 2022)

Acute Kidney Injury at Hospital Admission for SARS-CoV-2 Infection as a Marker of Poor Prognosis: Clinical Implications for Triage Risk Stratification

  • Carlo Andrea Bravi,
  • Walter Cazzaniga,
  • Marco Simonini,
  • Alessandro Larcher,
  • Elisabetta Messaggio,
  • Laura Zagato,
  • Cristina Carenzi,
  • Roberto Bertini,
  • Alberto Briganti,
  • Paolo Manunta,
  • Giuseppe Vezzoli,
  • Andrea Salonia,
  • Chiara Lanzani,
  • Umberto Capitanio,
  • Alberto Zangrillo,
  • Giovanni Landoni,
  • Patrizia Rovere-Querini,
  • Moreno Tresoldi,
  • Francesco Montorsi,
  • Fabio Ciceri

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 47, no. 2
pp. 147 – 150


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Background/Aims: The new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes a wide spectrum of effects, including acute kidney injury (AKI) in up to 40% of hospitalized patients. Given the established relationship between AKI and poor prognosis, whether AKI might be a prognostic indicator for patients admitted to the hospital for SARS-CoV-2 infection would allow for a straightforward risk stratification of these patients. Methods: We analyzed data of 623 patients admitted to San Raffaele Hospital (Milan, IT) between February 25 and April 19, 2020, for laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Incidence of AKI at hospital admission was calculated, with AKI defined according to the KDIGO criteria. Multivariable Cox regression models assessed the association between AKI and overall mortality and admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). Results: Overall, 108 (17%) patients had AKI at hospital admission for SARS-CoV-2 infection. After a median follow-up for survivors of 14 days (interquartile range: 8, 23), 123 patients died, while 84 patients were admitted to the ICU. After adjusting for confounders, patients who had AKI at hospital admission were at increased risk of overall mortality compared to those who did not have AKI (hazards ratio [HR]: 2.00; p = 0.0004), whereas we did not find evidence of an association between AKI and ICU admission (HR: 0.95; p = 0.9). Conclusions: These data suggest that AKI might be an indicator of poor prognosis for patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection, and as such, given its readily availability, it might be used to improve risk stratification at hospital admission.