Evaluation of three topical anaesthetic agents against pain : A clinical study

Indian Journal of Dental Research. 2006;17(4):155-160

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Indian Journal of Dental Research

ISSN: 0970-9290 (Print); 1998-3603 (Online)

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications

Society/Institution: Indian Society for Dental Research

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Dentistry

Country of publisher: India

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB

 

AUTHORS

Nayak R
Sudha P

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 38 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<b>AIM</b> : To compare pain responses of children during local anaesthetic infiltration at bilateral buccal sites prepared with topical application of EMLA 5&#x0025; cream, benzocaine 18&#x0025; gel or lignocaine 5&#x0025; ointment and also to find out the rapidity of onset of action of these agents. <b>METHODS</b> : 60 healthy children aged 6 to 12 years old, received bilateral buccal infiltration following application of topical anaesthetic agents applied in a double blind design. Pain responses were compared based on subject self report using visual analogue scale (VAS) and operator assessment using Sound -Eye -Motor (SEM) scale. <b>RESULTS</b> : Benzocaine gel had the rapidest onset of action. EMLA 5&#x0025; cream proved to be superior in pain reduction compared to benzocaine and lignocaine. Taste acceptance was better with benzocaine gel. Further studies are required for EMLA cream with an improved formulation more suitable for mucosal application before its routine use in dentistry.