International Journal of Mycobacteriology (2016-01-01)

Two cases of sternal osteomyelitis due to Mycobacterium africanum: a casual or causal association

  • Jessica Mencarini,
  • Sara Veloci,
  • Maria Tullia Simonetti,
  • Antonio Carocci,
  • Massimo Meli,
  • Enrico Tortoli,
  • Gian Maria Rossolini,
  • Alessandro Bartoloni,
  • Filippo Bartalesi

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 5, no. 3
pp. 354 – 356


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The sternal localization of bone and joint tuberculosis (TB) is rare, has an insidious clinical presentation, and usually affects young adults living in endemic areas. Mycobacterium africanum causes a relevant proportion of human TB in West Africa and in migrants from endemic countries. Here, we report two cases of sternal osteomyelitis due to M. africanum in migrants.