Redai dili (Jun 2022)
Temporal and Spatial Behavior Characteristics of Low-Rent Housing Residents: A Case Study of the Juyuanzhou Community in Fuzhou
Housing has always been a hot issue in various disciplines. Only when people live in peace can they be happy to work and achieve sustainable economic and social development. In recent years, the construction of a large number of subsidized housing communities has provided material protection for low- and middle-income groups, achieving initial results. However, problems in the construction of supporting facilities and site selection have become increasingly prominent. Therefore, it is important to study the spatial characteristics of the daily activities of the residents of affordable housing to better understand their daily needs and promote the development of affordable housing. Taking a typical community of low-cost housing in Fuzhou City as an example, this study used data from a questionnaire survey and 48 h activity log survey in December 2020, and combined in-depth interview materials from typical samples as the database for this study. Based on the theory of time geography, this study investigated the temporal and spatial behavior characteristics of low-rent housing residents from a microscopic perspective. With the help of GIS visualization techniques, such as 95% standard confidence ellipse, point density analysis, and overlay analysis methods, this study adopted a hybrid analysis method combining qualitative and quantitative analysis to study the spatial characteristics of three types of activities of working, shopping, and leisure of low-rent housing residents on one weekday and one rest day and their use of nearby space from the perspective of micro-individuals, and analyzed their influencing factors using multiple linear regression. The results showed that 1) there is a big difference between the activity space of residents in the case community on weekdays and rest days. The activity space of the sample was more fixed on weekdays, and the working and shopping activities were more dependent on the Juyuanzhou area. On the rest days, the average area of the residents' activity space was four times larger than that on weekdays. Residents needed to use a larger area to meet their shopping and leisure needs, and there were greater internal differences among the samples. 2) Residents had relatively small internal differences in work activities, and their workplaces were mainly distributed in the Juyuanzhou area, with a strong dependence on the Juyuanzhou area. The area of activity space was significantly positively influenced by the residents' income, age and work commute distance. 3) Influenced by residents' travel intentions, there was a big difference between residents' shopping and leisure activities between weekdays and rest days. Workdays relied more on the surroundings of the community, while on the rest days, the internal differences in the resident sample increased. Both shopping and leisure spaces had a significant tendency to expand and decay in distance. Shopping and leisure activities were concentrated within 500 m on weekdays and extended to 5 km on rest days. A comparative analysis with the conclusions of related studies revealed the following significant characteristics of low-rent housing residents in Fuzhou: 1) Short commuting distances to work and dependence on community surroundings. 2) Compared with weekdays, the proportion and space scope of residents' rest days for shopping and leisure activities increased significantly, but the spatial scope of activities was still limited due to the limitation of transportation. Unlike the trend of positioning subsidized housing in first-tier cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, at the edge of the city, Fuzhou has a large space for inner-city renewal and suburban development, and still has enough space to make the siting of subsidized housing relatively balanced. Finally, in view of the existing problems of the case community, some reference measures are provided for the optimization of low-rent housing from two aspects: planning and construction and community building.