Case Reports in Ophthalmology (2021-04-01)

Swept Source-Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography for Management of Secondary Choroidal Neovascularization in Punctate Inner Choroidopathy

  • Martin Stattin,
  • Julia Forster,
  • Daniel Ahmed,
  • Katharina Krepler,
  • Siamak Ansari-Shahrezaei

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1159/000511669
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12, no. 1
pp. 232 – 238

Abstract

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The purpose was to demonstrate the diagnostic and therapeutic feasibility of swept source-optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) by picturing neovascular changes secondary to a rare white dot syndrome following long-term intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR). A 28-year-old Caucasian myopic female presented with visual loss in her right eye only. The clinical examination and multimodal imaging including spectral domain (SD)-OCT, blue-peak autofluorescence, fluorescein, and indocyanine green angiography (HRA Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering; Heidelberg, Germany) as well as SS-OCTA (DRI Triton, Topcon; Tokyo, Japan) led to the diagnosis of idiopathic punctate inner choroidopathy with secondary subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV). In addition to oral corticosteroids, a pro re nata regimen with IVR was initiated and guided by repeated SD-OCT and SS-OCTA. Six IVR were administered based on functional SS-OCTA en face scans illustrating vessel transformation and downsizing of the CNV area while SD-OCT B-scans were inconclusive as indirect signs of activity were absent throughout the follow-up period. SS-OCTA provided new possibilities for monitoring vessel development. IVR was managed based on vessel density as displayed by SS-OCTA.

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