International Journal of General Medicine (Aug 2021)

Identification of a Five-Gene Prognostic Signature Related to B Cells Infiltration in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

  • Tang S,
  • Huang X,
  • Jiang H,
  • Qin S

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 14
pp. 5051 – 5068


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Shaomei Tang,1 Xiaoliang Huang,2 Haixing Jiang,1 Shanyu Qin1 1Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital, Nanning, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Shanyu QinDepartment of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, People’s Republic of ChinaEmail [email protected]: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) is an extremely malignant cancer. Immunotherapy is a promising avenue to increase the survival time of patients with PAAD.Methods: RNA sequencing and clinical data for PAAD were downloaded from the TCGA database. The ssGSEA method and weighted gene co-expression network analysis were used to calculate the relative abundance of tumor-infiltrating immune cells and identify the related modules. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and Cox regression analyses were used to construct a prognostic model. MCPcounter and EPIC were also used to assess immune cell components using gene expression profiles.Results: The B cells closely related module was identified, and five genes, including ARID5A, CLEC2B, MICAL1, MZB1, and RAPGEF1, were ultimately selected to establish a prognostic signature to calculate the risk scores of PAAD patients. Kaplan–Meier curves showed worse survival in the high-risk patients (p < 0.05), and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of risk score for 1-year and 3-year survival were 0.78 and 0.80, respectively, based on the training set. Similar results were verified using the validated and combined sets. Interestingly, the low-risk group presented significantly elevated immune and stromal scores, proportion of B cells, and associations between these five genes and B cells were identified using multiple methods including ssGSEA, MCPcounter, and EPIC.Conclusion: This is the first attempt to study a B cells-related prognostic signature, which is instrumental in the exploration of novel prognostic biomarkers in PAAD.Keywords: B cells, prognostic signature, WGCNA, ssGSEA, pancreatic adenocarcinoma