Journal of Materials Research and Technology (Nov 2021)

The development of miniature tensile specimens with non-standard aspect and slimness ratios for rapid alloy prototyping processes

  • Lintao Zhang,
  • Will Harrison,
  • Mazher A. Yar,
  • Stephen G.R. Brown,
  • Nicholas P. Lavery

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 15
pp. 1830 – 1843


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This work aims to evaluate the use of miniaturized tensile specimen (MTS) to characterise the mechanical properties of alloys developed through rapid alloy prototyping (RAP), where high throughput tests are required on relatively small amounts of material. Tensile tests were conducted at a variety of strain rates and with increasingly smaller specimen sizes, ranging from larger specimens conforming to ASTM/ISO standards, down to small non-standard specimens. The gauge lengths of the specimens ranged from 50 to 80 mm for the standard specimens down to 5–10 mm for the non-standard specimens. To generalize the non-standard MTS designs, three alloys, DP800, DP600 and 316L stainless steel, were adopted. The results obtained from non-standard designs were compared with those from standard designs. The results show that non-standard designs can give repeatable results for yield strength (YS), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and uniform elongation (eU). The maximum result differences of YS, UTS and eU are 7.37%, 7.71% and 11.9%, respectively, for DP alloys comparing standard and non-standard dimensions. These values are 13.56%, 14.03% and 19.5%, respectively 316L steel. The total elongation (ef) increases as the specimen dimension decreases. The geometrically dependent constants (n) are 0.2, 0.31 and 0.11 for DP800, DP600 and 316L, respectively. However, the Young's modulus is hard to determine precisely from the miniaturized designs. The conclusion from this work is that miniaturized tensile testing can be used with confidence as a high throughput means of predicting standard mechanical properties across a range of steels.