Journal of Medical Internet Research (2021-04-01)

Multimodal Recruitment to Study Ovulation and Menstruation Health: Internet-Based Survey Pilot Study

  • Mahalingaiah, Shruthi,
  • Cheng, J Jojo,
  • Winter, Michael R,
  • Rodriguez, Erika,
  • Fruh, Victoria,
  • Williams, Anna,
  • Nguyen, MyMy,
  • Madhavan, Rashmi,
  • Karanja, Pascaline,
  • MacRae, Jill,
  • Konanki, Sai Charan,
  • Lane, Kevin J,
  • Aschengrau, Ann

DOI
https://doi.org/10.2196/24716
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 23, no. 4
p. e24716

Abstract

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BackgroundMultimodal recruitment strategies are a novel way to increase diversity in research populations. However, these methods have not been previously applied to understanding the prevalence of menstrual disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome. ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of recruiting a diverse cohort to complete a web-based survey on ovulation and menstruation health. MethodsWe conducted the Ovulation and Menstruation Health Pilot Study using a REDCap web-based survey platform. We recruited 200 women from a clinical population, a community fair, and the internet. ResultsWe recruited 438 women over 29 weeks between September 2017 and March 2018. After consent and eligibility determination, 345 enrolled, 278 started (clinic: n=43; community fair: n=61; internet: n=174), and 247 completed (clinic: n=28; community fair: n=60; internet: n=159) the survey. Among all participants, the median age was 25.0 (SD 6.0) years, mean BMI was 26.1 kg/m2 (SD 6.6), 79.7% (216/271) had a college degree or higher, and 14.6% (37/254) reported a physician diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome. Race and ethnicity distributions were 64.7% (176/272) White, 11.8% (32/272) Black/African American, 7.7% (21/272) Latina/Hispanic, and 5.9% (16/272) Asian individuals; 9.9% (27/272) reported more than one race or ethnicity. The highest enrollment of Black/African American individuals was in clinic (17/42, 40.5%) compared to 1.6% (1/61) in the community fair and 8.3% (14/169) using the internet. Survey completion rates were highest among those who were recruited from the internet (159/174, 91.4%) and community fairs (60/61, 98.4%) compared to those recruited in clinic (28/43, 65.1%). ConclusionsMultimodal recruitment achieved target recruitment in a short time period and established a racially diverse cohort to study ovulation and menstruation health. There were greater enrollment and completion rates among those recruited via the internet and community fair.