Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology (2020-09-01)

Pediatric subset of primary immunodeficiency patients treated with SCIG: post hoc analysis of SHIFT and IBIS pooled data

  • Viviana Moschese,
  • Clementina Canessa,
  • Antonino Trizzino,
  • Baldassarre Martire,
  • Giorgio Maria Boggia,
  • Simona Graziani,
  • the SHIFT and IBIS Study Groups

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13223-020-00478-2
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 16, no. 1
pp. 1 – 8

Abstract

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Abstract Background Primary immunodeficiencies (PID) constitute a heterogeneous group of more than 350 monogenetic diseases. PID patients with antibody impairment require lifelong administration of immunoglobulin G replacement therapy, administered either intravenously (IVIG) or subcutaneously (SCIG). Although the effectiveness of weekly and biweekly (every other week) SCIG administration has been shown in several trials, data on the viability of these two regimens in pediatric PID patients are sparse. Methods Data on the pediatric subsets of PID patients enrolled in SHIFT (weekly) and IBIS (biweekly) studies were pooled and analyzed to indirectly compare two different 20%-concentrated SCIG (Hizentra®) regimens. The primary endpoints were to evaluate trough IgG levels and cumulative monthly doses; the secondary endpoint was to analyze incidence of infections. Results Fifteen and 13 children from the SHIFT and IBIS studies were included, respectively. Cumulative 20%-concentrated SCIG monthly dose was slight lower for the biweekly regimen (Δ = − 2.04, 90% CI − 8.3 to 4.23). However, the trough IgG levels were similar between the two groups (Δ = 0.28, 90% CI − 0.51 to 1.07) and constantly above the threshold of 5 g/L. After adjusting for potential confounders, the annualized rate of infections was similar between SHIFT and IBIS patients (incidence rate ratio = 1.09, 90% CI 0.72–1.67); only 1 serious bacterial infection was experienced by a patient in the IBIS group. Conclusion In pediatric PID patients, weekly and biweekly Hizentra® administrations appeared equally effective treatment options.

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