Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine (Aug 2013)

Association of CYP3A4/5, ABCB1 and ABCC2 polymorphisms and clinical outcomes of Thai breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen

  • Sensorn I,
  • Sirachainan E,
  • Chamnanphol M,
  • Pasomsub E,
  • Trachu N,
  • Supavilai P,
  • Sukasem C,
  • Pinthong D

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 2013, no. default
pp. 93 – 98


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Insee Sensorn,1 Ekaphop Sirachainan,2 Montri Chamnanphon,3 Ekawat Pasomsub,4 Narumol Trachu,5 Porntip Supavilai,1 Chonlaphat Sukasem,3 Darawan Pinthong11Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, 3Division for Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine, 4Division for Virology, Department of Pathology, 5Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, ThailandBackground: Pharmacogenetic study of cytochrome P450 (CYP) gene CYP2D6 and tamoxifen outcomes remain controversial. Apart from CYP2D6, other drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters also play a role in tamoxifen metabolic pathways. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of CYP3A4/5, ABCB1, and ABCC2 polymorphisms on the risk of recurrence in Thai patients who received tamoxifen adjuvant therapy.Methods: Patients with early-stage breast cancer who received tamoxifen adjuvant therapy were recruited in this study. All six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including CYP3A4*1B (-392 A>G)/*18(878 T>C), CYP3A5*3(6986 G>A), ABCB1 3435 C>T, ABCC2*1C (-24 C>T), and ABCC2 68231 A>G, were genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction assays. The impacts of genetic variants on disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression analysis.Results: The ABCB1 3435 C>T was found to have the highest allele frequency among other variants; however, CYP3A4*1B/*18 could not be found in this study. Patients with heterozygous ABCB1 3435 CT genotype showed significantly shorter DFS than those with homozygous 3435 CC genotype (P = 0.041). In contrast, patients who carried homozygous 3435 TT genotype showed no difference in DFS from wild-type 3435 CC patients. Cox regression analysis showed that the relative risk of recurrence was increased by five times (P = 0.043; hazard ratio = 5.11; 95% confidence interval: 1.05–24.74) in those patients carrying ABCB1 3435 CT genotype compared to those with ABCB1 3435 CC.Conclusion: ABCB1 3435 C>T is likely to have a clinically significant impact on recurrence risk in Thai patients with breast cancer who receive tamoxifen adjuvant therapy.Keywords: breast cancer, CYP3A4/5, drug transporters, pharmacogenetics, disease-free survival, tamoxifen