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Experts’ opinion about the primary headache diagnostic criteria of the ICHD-3rd edition beta in children and adolescents

The Journal of Headache and Pain. 2017;18(1):1-9 DOI 10.1186/s10194-017-0818-y


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: The Journal of Headache and Pain

ISSN: 1129-2369 (Print); 1129-2377 (Online)

Publisher: BMC

Society/Institution: European Headache Federation (EHF); Lifting The Burden - The Global Campaign Against Headache

LCC Subject Category: Medicine

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



Aynur Özge (Department of Neurology, Mersin University Medical Faculty)

Noemi Faedda (Phd program in Behavioural Neuroscience, Department of Paediatrics and Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Sapienza University of Rome)

Ishaq Abu-Arafeh (Royal Hospital for Sick Children)

Amy A. Gelfand (UCSF Headache Center and UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital)

Peter James Goadsby (NIHR-Wellcome Trust King’s Clinical Research Facility, King’s College London)

Jean Christophe Cuvellier (Division of Paediatric Neurology, Department of Paediatrics, Lille Faculty of Medicine and Children’s Hospital)

Massimiliano Valeriani (Division of Neurology, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù)

Alexey Sergeev (Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, University Headache Clinic, Moscow State Medical University)

Karen Barlow (Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta Children’s Hospital)

Derya Uludüz (Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Department of Neurology, İstanbul University)

Osman Özgür Yalın (İstanbul Research and Education Hospital)

Richard B. Lipton (Department of Neurology Montefiore Headache Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine)

Alan Rapoport (The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA)

Vincenzo Guidetti (Department of Pediatrics and Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Sapienza University)


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 13 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Abstract Background The 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 (ICHD-3) was published in a beta version to allow the clinicians to confirm the validity of the criteria or to suggest improvements based on field studies. The aim of this work was to review the Primary Headache Disorders Section of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents (age 0-18 years), and to suggest changes, additions, and amendments. Methods Several experts in childhood headache across the world applied different aspects of ICHD-3 beta in their normal clinical practice. Based on their personal experience and the literature available on pediatric headache, they made observations and proposed suggestions for the primary headache disorders section of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents. Results Some headache disorders in children have specific features which are different from those seen in adults and which should be acknowledged and considered. Some features in children were found to be age-dependent: clinical characteristics, risks factors and etiologies have a strong bio psycho-social basis in children and adolescents making primary headache disorders in children distinct from those in adults. Conclusions Several recommendations are presented in order to make ICHD-3 more appropriate for use with children.