Influenza A (H1N1) 2009: Impact on Frankfurt in due consideration of health care and public health

Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. 2010;5(1):10 DOI 10.1186/1745-6673-5-10

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology

ISSN: 1745-6673 (Online)

Publisher: BMC

Society/Institution: European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine (EOM)

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Special situations and conditions: Industrial medicine. Industrial hygiene

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB

 

AUTHORS


Groneberg David A

Bias Harald

Rabenau Holger F

Wicker Sabine

Gottschalk René

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 19 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>In April 2009 a novel influenza A H1N1/2009 virus was identified in Mexico and in the United States which quickly spread around the world. Most of the countries established infection surveillance systems in order to track the number of (laboratory-confirmed) H1N1 cases, hospitalizations and deaths.</p> <p>Methods</p> <p>The impact of the emergence of the novel pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus on Frankfurt was statistically evaluated by the Health Protection Authority, City of Frankfurt am Main.</p> <p>Vaccination rates of the health care workers (HCWs) of the University Hospital Frankfurt were measured by the Occupational Health Service.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Although the virulence of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 seems to be comparable with seasonal influenza, a major patient load and wave of hospital admissions occurred in the summer of 2009.</p> <p>Even though the 2009 vaccination rate of the University Hospital Frankfurt (seasonal influenza [40.5%], swine flu [36.3%]) is better than the average annual uptake of influenza vaccine in the German health care system (approximately 22% for seasonal and 15% for swine flu), vaccination levels remain insufficient.</p> <p>However, physicians were significantly (p < 0.001) more likely to have been vaccinated against swine flu and seasonal influenza than nurses.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>The outbreak of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in April 2009 provided a major challenge to health services around the world. Nosocomial transmission of H1N1/2009 has been documented. Present experience should be used to improve pandemic preparedness plans and vaccination programs ought to target as many HCWs as possible.</p>