Cell Communication and Signaling (2021-02-01)

FZD5 prevents epithelial-mesenchymal transition in gastric cancer

  • Dan Dong,
  • Lei Na,
  • Kailing Zhou,
  • Zhuo Wang,
  • Yu Sun,
  • Qianqian Zheng,
  • Jian Gao,
  • Chenghai Zhao,
  • Wei Wang

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12964-021-00708-z
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 19, no. 1
pp. 1 – 13

Abstract

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Abstract Background Frizzled (FZD) proteins function as receptors for WNT ligands. Members in FZD family including FZD2, FZD4, FZD7, FZD8 and FZD10 have been demonstrated to mediate cancer cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Methods CCLE and TCGA databases were interrogated to reveal the association of FZD5 with EMT. EMT was analyzed by investigating the alterations in CDH1 (E-cadherin), VIM (Vimentin) and ZEB1 expression, cell migration and cell morphology. Transcriptional modulation was determined by ChIP in combination with Real-time PCR. Survival was analyzed by Kaplan–Meier method. Results In contrast to other FZDs, FZD5 was identified to prevent EMT in gastric cancer. FZD5 maintains epithelial-like phenotype and is negatively modulated by transcription factors SNAI2 and TEAD1. Epithelial-specific factor ELF3 is a downstream effecter, and protein kinase C (PKC) links FZD5 to ELF3. ELF3 represses ZEB1 expression, further guarding against EMT. Moreover, FZD5 signaling requires its co-receptor LRP5 and WNT7B is a putative ligand for FZD5. FZD5 and ELF3 are associated with longer survival, whereas SNAI2 and TEAD1 are associated with shorter survival. Conclusions Taken together, FZD5-ELF3 signaling blocks EMT, and plays a potential tumor-suppressing role in gastric cancer. Video Abstract

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