Parasites of Przewalski's horses (Equus ferus przewalskii) in Askania Nova Biosphere Reserve (Ukraine) and Orenburg State Nature Reserve (Russia)

Nature Conservation Research: Zapovednaâ Nauka. 2019;4(Suppl.2):83-88 DOI 10.24189/ncr.2019.030

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Nature Conservation Research: Zapovednaâ Nauka

ISSN: 2500-008X (Print)

Publisher: Fund for Support and Development of Protected Areas

LCC Subject Category: Geography. Anthropology. Recreation

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Natalya S. Zvegintsova (F.E. Falz-Fein «Askania Nova» Biosphere Reserve)
Tatjana L. Zharkikh (Joint Directorate of State Nature Reserves «Orenburg» and «Shaitan-Tau»)
Тetiana А. Kuzmina (I.I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, NAS of Ukraine)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 13 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The results of multi-year parasitological studies of the Przewalski's horse Equus ferus przewalskii from Askania Nova Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine (1972–2018) and from Orenburg State Nature Reserve, Russia (2015–2018) are presented. Multi-year coprological studies on the horses have revealed significant relations between the level of horse infection with intestinal parasites and the type of horse-keeping conditions (zoo exhibition paddocks or steppe enclosures). Two peaks (spring and autumn) of the horse infection with strongylid nematodes were documented. Forty-five species of helminths (two species of cestodes and 43 of nematodes) as well as two species of gastric botflies of the genus Gastrophilus were found in the Przewalski's horses in Askania Nova Biosphere Reserve. The structure of the parasite community was multimodal, with dominant, subdominant, background and rare species. A comparison of the Przewalski's horse parasite communities from Askania Nova Biosphere Reserve and Orenburg State Nature Reserve revealed low species diversity (20 species) and a bimodal structure of the parasite community in horses in Orenburg State Nature Reserve. We suppose that regular examinations of the Przewalski's horse infection with parasites are necessary to monitor the parasitological situation in both Protected Areas to prevent an increase in horse infection with these parasites to clinically significant levels.