Drug Design, Development and Therapy (2018-07-01)

The effects of bisphosphonates on osteoporotic patients after lumbar fusion: a meta-analysis

  • Liu WB,
  • Zhao WT,
  • Shen P,
  • Zhang FJ

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 12
pp. 2233 – 2240


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Wen-bin Liu,1,* Wen-tao Zhao,2,* Peng Shen,3 Fu-jiang Zhang1 1Department of Joint Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin 300211, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Yunnan Traditional Chinese Medical University, Yunnan 650021, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Tianjin First Center Hospital, Tianjin 300192, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: We conducted a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy of bisphosphonates in lumbar fusion. Introduction: Bisphosphonates reduce bone resorption and remodeling by osteoclast activity inhibition, inactivation, and apoptosis. However, it remains controversial whether bisphosphonate therapy affects spinal fusion.Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and Google Scholar to identify studies reporting the effects of bisphosphonates on osteoporotic patients after lumbar fusion. Secondary sources were identified from the references of the included literature. Pooled data were analyzed using RevMan 5.1.Results: Seven studies met the inclusion criteria. There were significant differences in solid intervertebral fusion (RD=0.07, 95% CI: −0.00 to 0.15, P=0.05), subsequent VCFs (RD=−0.21, 95% CI: −0.30 to −0.12, P<0.00001), pedicle screw loosening (RD=−0.17, 95% CI: −0.28 to −0.05, P=0.006), and cage subsidence (RD=−0.25, 95% CI: −0.42 to −0.07, P=0.005) between two groups. No significant differences between two groups were found regarding implant fixation failure (RD=−0.06, 95% CI: −0.22 to 0.10, P=0.48).Conclusion: This meta-analysis showed that bisphosphonates may increase solid intervertebral fusion and decrease subsequent VCFs, pedicle screw loosening, and cage subsidence. Keywords: bisphosphonates, lumbar, fusion, meta-analysis