In article the understanding of truth is considered by representatives of the Russian religious philosophy. Is shown that content of this category for the Russian thinkers essentially differs from that which it has in the doctrines implanting it in a gnoseological perspective. The truth for them is an authentic reality which mastering represents comprehension of the complete nature of the world making sense of entry into Divine reality. For deepening of understanding of views of the Russian thinkers the comparative analysis of their doctrine about truth and other philosophical views considering truth as reality to which comprehension the human knowledge is directed is carried out. In this regard the attention to difference of views of domestic authors from understanding of truth is paid by Hegel for whom the truth is objectively existing general which shall become a philosophy subject. The philosophy of Heidegger who believed that the aspiration to abstract generality leads to loss by the person of itself became other line item with which views of the Russian philosophers have been contrasted. Basic line of his views in relation to which specifics of the Russian philosophy are fixed is the understanding of truth as real which «is released» in the course of knowledge, thanks to the freedom which is initially owning the person and guaranteeing it movement in the direction of «disclosure of “sense” of what we call life». For the Russian philosophers, unlike Heidegger, freedom it not initial quality of the person, the following from the nature real, and a consequence of that responsibility to God which the person assumes. On the basis of the carried-out consideration the conclusion that the understanding of truth the Russian philosophers allows to deliver important accents in idea of process of scientific knowledge becomes. In particular it orients to acceptance in attention of an image of reality as whole, created on the ways of a metaphysical reflection, and also a personal involvement and moral responsibility of the subject of knowledge.