Iranian Journal of Neonatology (Oct 2021)

Prenatal Diagnosis of an Unusual Phenotype of Cantrell's Pentalogy: Case Report, and Literature Review

  • Ivan Aivasovsky-Trotta,
  • Sergio Vergara-Cardenas,
  • Amenaida Ferrer-Marcano,
  • Lorena Rincones-Rojas,
  • Carolina Prieto-Soler,
  • Ana Bracho-Fernández,
  • Isabel Fernández-González,
  • Luis Celis

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12, no. 4
pp. 85 – 91


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Background: Cantrell's pentalogy (CP) is a rare congenital disease caused by morphological changes in the mesoderm. Defects of the lower sternum with ectopia cordis, midline supraumbilical abdominal wall, anterior diaphragm, diaphragmatic pericardium, and cardiac alterations are the related symptoms.Case report: The case report is a newborn boy with a prenatal diagnosis of abdominal wall defect caused by pentalogy of Cantrell class 1 and initial measures were taken to prevent adverse outcomes. Congenital syndromic disease, such as CP, is likely to be treated with early prevention and adequate prenatal controls. Also, early diagnosis facilitates effective clinical and surgical management and thus leads to a positive prognosis.Conclusion: Finally, it has been established that proper decision-making about therapeutic possibilities during the early years may improve the quality of life and longevity in this population.