International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Dec 2020)

Effects of Helioxanthin Derivative-Treated Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells on Fracture Healing

  • Daiki Yamakawa,
  • Yoko Kawase-Koga,
  • Yasuyuki Fujii,
  • Yuki Kanno,
  • Marika Sato,
  • Shinsuke Ohba,
  • Yoshiaki Kitaura,
  • Miki Kashiwagi,
  • Daichi Chikazu

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 21, no. 23
p. 9158


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Bone defects affect patients functionally and psychologically and can decrease quality of life. To resolve these problems, a simple and efficient method of bone regeneration is required. Human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have high proliferative ability and multilineage differentiation potential. In our previous study, we reported a highly efficient method to induce osteogenic differentiation using DPSC sheets treated with a helioxanthin derivative (4-(4-methoxyphenyl)pyrido[40,30:4,5]thieno[2,3-b]pyridine-2-carboxamide (TH)) in a mouse calvarial defect model. However, the localization of the DPSCs after transplantation remains unknown. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the localization of transplanted DPSCs in a mouse fracture model. DPSCs were collected from six healthy patients aged 18–29 years, cultured in normal medium (NM), osteogenic medium (OM), or OM with TH, and fabricated them into cell sheets. To evaluate the efficacy of fracture healing using DPSCs treated with OM+TH, and to clarify the localization of the transplanted DPSC sheets in vivo, we transplanted OM+TH-treated DPSC sheets labeled with PKH26 into mouse tibiae fractures. We demonstrated that transplanted OM+TH-treated DPSCs sheets were localized to the fracture site and facilitated bone formation. These results indicated that transplanted OM+TH-treated DPSCs were localized at fracture sites and directly promoted fracture healing.