Semantic Features of Hungarian Neologisms With the Prefix Be: Analysis of Some Frequently Used Verbs (e.g., bevállal)

Hungarian Cultural Studies. 2015;7(0):358-373 DOI 10.5195/ahea.2014.148


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Journal Title: Hungarian Cultural Studies

ISSN: 2471-965X (Online)

Publisher: University Library System, University of Pittsburgh

Society/Institution: American Hungarian Educators Association (AHEA)

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Austria. Liechtenstein. Hungary. Czechoslovakia: Hungary | Language and Literature

Country of publisher: United States

Language of fulltext: English, Hungarian

Full-text formats available: PDF



Réka Sólyom (Károli Gáspár University, Budapest)


Double blind peer review

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Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The present paper deals with the semantic features of three Hungarian neologisms (becéloz, betámad, bevállal), and analyzes their semantic structures with the help of the Conceptual Integration Theory (Blending Theory). The words analyzed are verbs that have been used with the prefix be in recent years, although they are well-established with other prefix(es).  As be is one of the oldest Hungarian prefixes, it has likely gained new function(s) in these cases. To substantiate this claim, data was gathered from two questionnaires (in 2010 and in 2014), and informants’ answers concerning meaning and style were analyzed. These data can help the survey in other fields too: firstly, they can help model the processes of understanding (or misunderstanding) of these neologisms, secondly, they can help model the semantic structures of the verbs within the framework of Blending Theory. Thirdly, these data can help indicate language use at a given point in time, from a synchronic viewpoint.