Clinical Ophthalmology (2020-08-01)

Outcomes of Femtosecond Laser Arcuate Incisions in the Treatment of Low Corneal Astigmatism

  • Wortz G,
  • Gupta PK,
  • Goernert P,
  • Hartley C,
  • Wortz B,
  • Chiu J,
  • Jaber N

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 14
pp. 2229 – 2236

Abstract

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Gary Wortz,1 Preeya K Gupta,2 Philip Goernert,3 Caleb Hartley,1 Brayden Wortz,2 Jin Chiu,1 Nikita Jaber1 1Commonwealth Eye Surgery, Lexington, KY 40504, USA; 2Duke Eye Center, Durham, NC 27704, USA; 3Department of Psychology, Brandon University, Brandon, MB R7A 6A9, CanadaCorrespondence: Gary WortzCommonwealth Eye Surgery, 2353 Alexandria Drive #350, Lexington, KY 40504, USATel +1 859 224-2655Fax +1 859 223-7147Email [email protected]: To evaluate real-world outcomes of astigmatism management with femtosecond laser arcuate incisions in patients with low corneal astigmatism (< 1.0 D) using a novel formula for arcuate incision calculation compared to outcomes after conventional cataract surgery without surgical management of astigmatism.Patients and Methods: The Wörtz-Gupta™ Formula (available at www.lricalc.com) was used to calculate femtosecond laser arcuate parameters for 224 patients with < 1 D of corneal astigmatism who underwent cataract surgery; lens power was determined with the Barrett Universal II formula. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA) and refractive astigmatism measurements were obtained, with an average follow-up of 4 weeks.Results: The average preoperative cylinder was similar (0.61 D in the femtosecond group [n=124] and 0.57 D in the conventional group [n=100] (P> 0.05)). More patients had ≤ 0.5 D of postoperative corneal astigmatism in the femtosecond group (n=110/124, 89%) than in the conventional group (n=71/100, 71%), respectively (P=0.001). The mean absolute postoperative refractive astigmatism was higher in the conventional surgery group than in the femtosecond group (0.43 ± 0.4 D vs 0.26 ± 0.28 D); these differences were statistically significant (P< 0.001). The percentage of patients with UCDVA of 20/20 or better vision was higher in the femtosecond group (62%) than the conventional group (48%) (P=0.025).Conclusion: Using the femtosecond laser for arcuate incisions in combination with a novel nomogram can provide excellent anatomic and refractive outcomes in patients with lower levels of preoperative astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery.Keywords: femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery, arcuate incision, visual acuity, refractive outcome, corneal astigmatism

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