AMB Express (Dec 2022)

Transcriptomic and enzymatic analysis reveals the roles of glutamate dehydrogenase in Corynebacterium glutamicum

  • Fanglan Ge,
  • Jingkun Sun,
  • Yao Ren,
  • Bing He,
  • Jiao Li,
  • Sen Yang,
  • Wei Li

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12, no. 1
pp. 1 – 13


Read online

Abstract Glutamate dehydrogenase (Gdh), catalyzing the reversible conversion between 2-oxoglutarate and glutamate, plays an important role in the connection of nitrogen and carbon metabolism. Yet little is known about these enzymes in the amino acid-manufacturing Corynebacterium glutamicum. In the present study, we firstly identified the enzymatic characteristics of two Gdhs (GdhA and GdhB). The results showed that both GdhA and GdhB prefers NADPH as a coenzyme and have higher affinity for 2-OG than glutamate. The growth characteristics of gdhAΔ mutant and gdhBΔ mutant, gdhABΔ mutant showed GdhA serves as the main conduit for ammonium assimilation, and GdhB is the main glutamate- metabolizing enzyme in C. glutamicum. The full-genome transcriptomic analysis was used to investigate physiological response of C. glutamicum to the glutamate as nitrogen source, and gdh deletion. The results showed that the nitrogen starvation response was elicited when glutamine served as the sole nitrogen source. gdhAΔBΔ double deletion trigger a partially deregulated nitrogen starvation response, in which genes involved in nitrogen assimilation showed obviously upregulated in a certain extent. On the other hand, the genes of phosphotransferase system (PTS) and glycolysis pathway, most genes in pentose phosphate pathway were significantly upregulated, indicating that gdh deficiency initiated the enhancement of the absorption and metabolism of carbon sources. We believed that our results in this study will give new insights on the molecular mechanism of Gdh activity cross-talks with carbon and nitrogen metabolism, also setting a new background for further flux redistribution applied research of biotechnological interest.