Introduction: the quality of professor performance in medical education is a necessity, particularly in the teaching of the basic sciences. The specialty of Basic Biomedical Sciences has as fundamental purpose to provide the possibility to the graduates of Medicine and Dentistry to be trained as a pedagogical scientific team of specialists, investigative or both. Objective: to show the historical evolution of the training of specialists in Basic Biomedical Sciences at Pinar del Río University of Medical Sciences, from 2019. Methods: a qualitative study of a descriptive and historical nature was carried out using theoretical and empirical methods. Results: the process of training specialists in the basic biomedical sciences in the province and their contribution to the needs of the educational teaching process was characterized. Conclusions: the teaching of Basic Biomedical Sciences in Pinar del Río went through three stages according to the requirements of training process, produced in the professional development of its specialists from the improvement of competences for their performance as professors and researchers, with the consequent favorable repercussion in the majority of the times of the institution and its visibility abroad, the first certified University of Medical Sciences of the country.