BMC Geriatrics (Nov 2022)

Effects of hydrolysed meat on dietary intake and nutritional status in aged care residents requiring pureed diets: a crossover randomised controlled trial

  • Xiaojing Sharon Wu,
  • Anna Miles,
  • Andrea Braakhuis

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 22, no. 1
pp. 1 – 14


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Abstract Background As a result of the high prevalence of dysphagia in aged care facilities, demand for pureed diets is increasing. One of the biggest challenges for pureed diets is the reduced nutritional density due to the cooking process, such as when blending or softening with liquid. This study aimed to investigate the impact of innovative energy and protein-enriched meat puree on the nutrition intake and nutritional status of aged care residents requiring pureed diets. Methods This is a single-blinded randomised controlled trial conducted in two aged care facilities using a crossover design. Twenty-two residents aged 83.2 ± 7.3 years participated in a 12-week study. Participants were blocked randomised into two groups and received a 6-week of either control (unaltered freshly made pureed diets by facilities) or intervention diet, followed by a 2-week washout and then 6-week of alternative treatment. During the intervention, freshly made meat pureed portions were swapped to hydrolysed meat, which contained 144 -392 kcal and 5.6–6.8 g more energy and protein per 100 g. Nutrition intake was collected using a validated visual estimation method over 24 h on two non-consecutive days during the control and intervention phases. A two-tailed t-test was used to compare the significance. Results The intervention diet significantly increased energy (147 ± 285 kcal, p = .02), protein (4 ± 7 g, p = .04), and fat (3 ± 8 g, p = .07) intake in comparison to the control diet. Nutritional status was improved by the end of the intervention as evidenced by a higher nutritional assessment score using Mini-Nutritional Assessment – Short Form (9.1 ± 1.8) and a weight gain of 1.3 ± 1.7 g, p = .04. No significant differences were found in body composition using bioelectrical impedance analysis, calf circumference and mid-upper arm circumference. Though handgrip strength did not differ at the end of control and intervention, significance was found between the changes in control and intervention period. Plasma branched-chain amino acid increased significantly with hydrolysed meat consumption. Conclusions As a dietary enrichment, hydrolysed meat is a promising intervention for pureed diet consumers in aged care facilities, improving residents’ dietary intake and reducing malnutrition risk. Future larger multicentre studies with longer intervention periods are required to confirm the effectiveness and residents’ acceptance. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12622000888763).