Journal of Education and Health Promotion (Jan 2020)

Knowledge, perception, and attitudes of Universal Health Coverage policies among Alfaisal University students in Saudi Arabia

  • Mohamad Salim Alkodaymi,
  • Bader Abou Shaar,
  • Nader Ashraf Fawzy,
  • Rola Alhabbbash,
  • Abdulrahman Senjab,
  • Rawan AlSaoud

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9, no. 1
pp. 348 – 348


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BACKGROUND:Saudi Arabia aims to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by a combination of free public healthcare and mandatory cooperative health insurance. To ensure the effectiveness of UHC policies, every individual should have a strong knowledge of their health-care rights and the system that guarantees it. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to measure the knowledge of Alfaisal students and record their perceptions and attitudes about Saudi Arabia's basic health-care coverage structure and UHC policies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was developed with 22 items measuring knowledge and 7 items evaluating perception and attitudes and distributed through E-mail with a consecutive sampling method at Alfaisal University to achieve the required calculated sample size for March–April of 2020. The accumulated data were organized, tabulated, and statistically analyzed using SPSS software. Comparison between two groups and more was made using the Chi-square test. RESULTS: Students' self-reported knowledge on the three main knowledge questions ranged from 30.6% to 57.7%, with medical students admitting to similar or worse knowledge compared to their colleagues from other colleges. About 57.3% of our respondents believe the Saudi system provides effective and sufficient healthcare to all, but only 42.7% believe that the system provides financial protection to all. CONCLUSION: The study showed a low level of knowledge about Saudi Arabia's UHC policies among Alfaisal students, especially among medical students, with a generally positive perception and attitudes toward them, although with some serious misconceptions that should be addressed.