European Journal of Educational Research (Jan 2023)

Learning Materials and Their Prototypes for Academic Writing Skills: The Needs of Indonesian Lecturers in the Post-COVID-19 Era

  • Cahyo Hasanudin,
  • Subyantoro*,
  • Ida Zulaeha,
  • Rahayu Pristiwati

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12, no. 1
pp. 435 – 453


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This study aims to investigate lecturers' needs for academic writing learning materials and determine their prototypes. This study is qualitative research in the form of an exploratory case study. The research instruments were semi-open-ended questionnaires and unstructured and open-ended interview guides. The data were analyzed using content analysis. The results show that the developed learning material for academic writing skills contains seven needs for lecturers in the Department of Indonesian Language and Literature. Four of them have not been found by previous researchers. The results from this study provide new knowledge and contribution to the literature about the need to prototype the learning materials. The lecturers or other researchers can use these seven needs in prototyping learning materials for academic writing skills, such as the needs of learning materials, their forms, presentation system, language use, evaluation form, main menu design, and the way of creating learning materials.