Autism spectrum disorders: an overview on diagnosis and treatment

Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. 2013;35(suppl 1):S62-S72 DOI 10.1590/1516-4446-2013-S104

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

ISSN: 1516-4446 (Print); 1809-452X (Online)

Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria (ABP)

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry: Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system: Psychiatry

Country of publisher: Brazil

Language of fulltext: Portuguese, English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, XML

 

AUTHORS

Helena Brentani
Cristiane Silvestre de Paula
Daniela Bordini
Deborah Rolim
Fabio Sato
Joana Portolese
Maria Clara Pacifico
James T. McCracken

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Pervasive developmental disorders are now commonly referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). ASDs present with a range of severity and impairments, and often are a cause of severe disability, representing a major public health concern. The diagnostic criteria require delays or abnormal functioning in social interaction, language, and/or imaginative play within the first 3 years of life, resulting in a deviation from the developmental pattern expected for the age. Because establishing a diagnosis of ASD is possible as early as 18-24 months of age, clinicians should strive to identify and begin intervention in children with ASD as soon as signs are manifest. Increasing efforts are underway to make ASD screening universal in pediatric healthcare. Given the crucial importance of early identification and multiple modalities of treatment for ASD, this review will summarize the diagnostic criteria, key areas for assessment by clinicians, specific scales and instruments for assessment, and discussion of evidence-based treatment programs and the role of specific drug therapies for symptom management.