International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2021-01-01)

Novel Biallelic Variants and Phenotypic Features in Patients with <i>SLC38A8</i>-Related Foveal Hypoplasia

  • Elena R. Schiff,
  • Vijay K. Tailor,
  • Hwei Wuen Chan,
  • Maria Theodorou,
  • Andrew R. Webster,
  • Mariya Moosajee

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22031130
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 22, no. 1130
p. 1130

Abstract

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Biallelic pathogenic variants in solute carrier family 38 member 8, SLC38A8, cause a pan-ocular autosomal recessive condition known as foveal hypoplasia 2, FVH2, characterised by foveal hypoplasia, nystagmus and optic nerve chiasmal misrouting. Patients are often clinically diagnosed with ocular albinism, but foveal hypoplasia can occur in several other ocular disorders. Here we describe nine patients from seven families who had molecularly confirmed biallelic recessive variants in SLC38A8 identified through whole genome sequencing or targeted gene panel testing. We identified four novel sequence variants (p.(Tyr88*), p.(Trp145*), p.(Glu233Gly) and c.632+1G>A). All patients presented with foveal hypoplasia, nystagmus and reduced visual acuity; however, one patient did not exhibit any signs of chiasmal misrouting, and three patients had features of anterior segment dysgenesis. We highlight these findings in the context of 30 other families reported to date. This study reinforces the importance of obtaining a molecular diagnosis in patients whose phenotype overlap with other inherited ocular conditions, in order to support genetic counselling, clinical prognosis and family planning. We expand the spectrum of SLC38A8 mutations which will be relevant for treatment through future genetic-based therapies.

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