BIODETERIORATION AND PRESERVATION OF SITA DEVI TEMPLE, DEORBIJA, CHHATTISGARH, INDIA

International Journal of Conservation Science. 2011;2(2):89-94

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: International Journal of Conservation Science

ISSN: 2067-533X (Print); 2067-8223 (Online)

Publisher: Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi

Society/Institution: Romanian Inventors Forum

LCC Subject Category: Fine Arts: Arts in general

Country of publisher: Romania

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS

Sanjay Prasad GUPTA
Kavita SHARMA

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 10 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Chhattisgarh is a land of ancient culture, with many ancient monuments, temples and forts. Every nook and corner of Chhattisgarh has traditional heritage. There are numerous factors that affect the durability of stone. Stone surfaces are continuously exposed to physical, chemical and biological degradation. Physical, chemical, and biological agents act in co-association, ranging from synergistic to antagonistic and leading to deterioration. Among biological agents, micro-organisms are of critical importance in stone deterioration. They can cause various damages on the stone surface. Biodeterioration processes result from complex interactions of surface-invading microbes with each other, as well as with the surface material. The ability of fungi to produce pigments and organic acids is crucial for the discoloration and degradation of monuments. Air acts as a vehicle for the dispersion of microorganisms. They are introduced into air from different sources: soil, water, organic waste, plant leaves, sneezes and cough. This investigation focuses on the scientific conservation of The Sita Devi Temple of Deorbija DistricDurg, [Chhattisgarh]. The stone surface of the temple grew dark due to deposits of dust, dirt, dried vegetation and the growth of micro vegetation on the exterior as well as the interior portions.