This research article covers the topic of the way students see social volunteering put in conditions of insufficient distinctness of volunteers’ regulatory legal status, and differences in their activities in different countries. In terms of methodology are considered ontological, epistemological and methodological stages to examine the effectiveness of social volunteering as a complex of activities professional and personal self-determination. The method of questioning is applied on the basis of author's questions for 111 students of different faculties and specializations of Lomonosov Moscow State University. The content analysis of the results revealed the students' perceptions of volunteering basis in the context of assigning responsibility for helping people in spheres of state as a social institution, business, social organizations and between activist volunteers. The article also contains statements concerning the need of educating volunteers professionally, of extending their abilities in other spheres such as career-guidance, for example (since government pays little attention to teenagers’career-guidance).