International Journal of Nutrition Sciences (Jun 2022)

Association between Nutrition and Immune System: A Review

  • Maryam Hamidianshirazi,
  • Maryam Ekramzadeh,
  • Amir Reza Hamidianshirazi,
  • Ali Zangene

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 7, no. 2
pp. 65 – 72


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Many human diseases are caused by infection with either viruses or bacteria. The proper functioning of the immune system is essential for the survival of any individual throughout life. The optimal immune response depends on an adequate nutrition and appropriate food pattern to prevent infection. For example, getting enough protein is important for optimal antibody production. Minerals and vitamins are forms of nutrients (called micronutrients) that have the appropriate capacity to support the immune system by providing preventive mediators of infectious diseases to reduce the rate of destruction of cells transported by free radicals or to help the better functioning of T-cells. Reduced intake of micronutrients such as vitamins A, E, C, D, B6, B9, and B12, as well as minerals such as zinc, magnesium, iron, selenium, and copper can decrease resistance toinfections. Therefore, it is necessary to design a review study that looks at the role of micronutrients in preventing infectious diseases.