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Repetitive Saliva Swallowing Test Predicts COPD Exacerbation

International Journal of COPD. 2019;Volume 14:2777-2785

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: International Journal of COPD

ISSN: 1176-9106 (Print); 1178-2005 (Online)

Publisher: Dove Medical Press

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Specialties of internal medicine: Diseases of the respiratory system

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS


Yoshimatsu Y

Tobino K

Sueyasu T

Nishizawa S

Ko Y

Yasuda M

Ide H

Tsuruno K

Miyajima H

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 16 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Yuki Yoshimatsu,1 Kazunori Tobino,1,2 Takuto Sueyasu,1 Saori Nishizawa,1 Yuki Ko,1 Mina Yasuda,1 Hiromi Ide,1 Kosuke Tsuruno,1 Hiroyuki Miyajima1 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Iizuka Hospital, Fukuoka 820-8505, Japan; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo 113-8431, JapanCorrespondence: Yuki YoshimatsuDepartment of Respiratory Medicine, Iizuka Hospital, 3-83 Yoshio Iizuka, Fukuoka 820-8505, JapanTel +81 948 22 3800Fax +81 948 29 5744Email [email protected]: Predicting phenotypes at risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation is extremely important. Dysphagia is becoming recognized as one of these phenotypes. A convenient method of screening for dysphagia and COPD exacerbation risk is desired. The repetitive saliva swallowing test (RSST) is one of the least invasive dysphagia screening methods. We previously reported the possible relation between the RSST result and COPD exacerbation in a retrospective study. Based on this, we performed a prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of RSST as a predictor of COPD exacerbation and to determine its optimal cut-off value for COPD.Methods: Seventy patients with COPD were recruited. Patients underwent the following dysphagia screening tests: the 10-item Eating Assessment Tool, Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, RSST, water swallowing test, and simple swallow provocation test. After one year, they were classified into two groups according to the presence of COPD exacerbation during the follow-up period.Results: Twenty-seven patients had one or more exacerbations in the past year. During the follow-up period, 28 patients had one or more exacerbations (E group), and 42 had none (non-E group). There were no significant differences between the groups except for the presence of past exacerbations and the results of the RSST, when the cut-off value was set at 2, 3, 4, or 5 swallows. The number of swallows in the RSST was significantly lower in the E group than in the Non-E group. A cut-off value of 5 was the most effective. The time to first exacerbation was significantly longer in those with an RSST value of >5. The RSST was more reliable for differentiating the E group and non-E group than the presence of exacerbation in the past year (hazard ratios: 13.78 and 2.70, respectively).Conclusion: An RSST cut-off value of 5 may be a strong predictor of COPD exacerbation.Keywords: dysphagia, screening, aspiration, phenotype, risk