Journal of the Selva Andina Animal Science (Apr 2016)

Composition selected by Llamas intake (Lama glama, Linnaeus 1758) of José Manuel Pando Province, municipality of Santiago De Machaca

  • Instituto de Investigación en Ciencia Animal y Tecnología (IICAT)

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 3, no. 1
pp. 49 – 56


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This research was conducted in the municipality of Santiago de Machaca is the first section of the province José Manuel Pando, is located southeast of the department of La Paz, a distance of 205 km, from the city of La Paz, the research objectives were to determine the consumption Flames selected a native pasture and determine the nutritional quality selected (% PC, % NDF,% FDA) Burning of native pasture. The results were: 18 native grasses consumed by the four camels, fodder were identified that more quantity than was consumed Trifolium pratensis (layu layu) No.1 consumed camel, camel No. 2 (473 (462.93 gr.) , 6 g), camel No. 3 (544.43 g) and the camel No. 4 (477.87 g), native grassland and Bromus catharticus (Cebadilla) camélido No.1 consumed (357.12 gr.), camel No. 2 (409,6gr.), camel No. 3 (445,44gr.) and camel No. 4 ( 310,61gr.). The total consumption of 18 forage species based on live weight (Kg.) was next, camel No.1 consumed (1,323 Kg.) (62 Kg. PV), camel No. 2 (1,280Kg.) (60 Kg. PV), camel No. 3 (1,237Kg.) (58 Kg. PV) and camel No. 4 (1,195 Kg.) (56 Kg. PV). The statistical analysis of the four camels, by completely randomized design (ANOVA), is indicating no significant difference (p ≥0.05) with respect to consumption of native grasslands. The samples sent to the laboratory of the Institute of Diagnostic Laboratory Services and Health Research Institute SELADIS were: maximum concentration crude protein found in the pasture Trifolium pratensis (layu layu) 15.93% and is lower Bromus grassland catharticus (Cebadilla) 15.33%; The concentration of neutral detergent fiber (NDF), Bromus grassland catharticus (Cebadilla) has 65.66% and the pasture Trifolium pratensis (layu layu) 45.21%, the concentration is directly related to the type of pasture and composition flora, being the Bromus grassland catharticus (Cebadilla) is enhanced by the structure of cell walls. Grasslands who consume more camels on the geographic location and area of ​​study is the Trifolium pratensis (layu layu) and Bromus catharticus (Cebadilla). The two Trifolium pratensis (layu layu) and Bromus catharticus (Cebadilla) have good nutritional value, relative to the neutral detergent fiber and acid for Trifolium pratensis (Layu layu) is below 60%., Which promotes the consumption of these native grasslands analyzed for Bromus catharticus (Cebadilla) is above 60% this by having greater wall structure that decreases consumption of this forage species.