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A new exploration on the antique origins of Gilgamesh epic

Textual Criticism of Persian Literature. 2009;1(4):1-18


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Textual Criticism of Persian Literature

ISSN: 2008-5486 (Print)

Publisher: University of Isfahan

LCC Subject Category: Language and Literature: Indo-Iranian languages and literature

Country of publisher: Iran, Islamic Republic of

Language of fulltext: Persian

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



M Tavousi (, Faculty of Arts,T.M.U)

MJ Yousefian Kenari (, Faculty of Arts,T.M.U)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

There are many evidences, which indicate Gilgamesh could never be explored genealogically without considering the interactions of Mesopotamia civilization with the historical and cultural backgrounds of Persian residents of the eastern territories. The archeological, lingual and mythological suppositions signify the probability of some branches from another master-origin more historically longer than Mesopotamian culture and civilization. The documents indicating the existence of greater habitats in the eastern territories of Mesopotamia, pre-Elamite inscriptions were recently discovered near Tapp-e-Yahya, as well as the structural evidences of chlorite vessels remained in Konar-sandal all indicate that there might be a live myth like Gilgamesh - as an animal domesticator in the neighborhood of the Halil Rroud. It could be claimed that the supposed Mesopotamian origin of Gilgamesh epic is, in fact, intertwined with the mythological roots of Arata civilization. The oldest origin of a myth called “Animal domesticator” and “One who is in search of excellence and eternity” could be approximately dated back a thousand year, at least, in the recent findings of Jiroft. This study attempts to present a new turning point into a fundamental approach to Jiroft civilization as an ancient and antique inevitable society originating Gilgamesh epic.