Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (Jan 2019)

Monitoring, analysis and post-casting of the Earth’s particle radiation environment during February 14–March 5, 2014

  • Kalegaev Vladimir,
  • Panasyuk Mikhail,
  • Myagkova Irina,
  • Shugay Yulia,
  • Vlasova Natalia,
  • Barinova Wera,
  • Beresneva Evgenia,
  • Bobrovnikov Sergey,
  • Eremeev Valery,
  • Dolenko Sergey,
  • Nazarkov Ilya,
  • Nguyen Minh,
  • Prost Arnaud

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9
p. A29


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Internet-based system of Space Monitoring Data Center (SMDC) of Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Moscow State University (SINP MSU) has been developed to predict and analyze radiation conditions in near-Earth space. This system contains satellite measurement databases and operational models and devoted to collect, store and process space weather monitoring data in the near real-time. SMDC operational services acquire data from ACE, SDO, GOES, Electro-L, Meteor-M satellites and use them for forecasting, now-casting and post-casting of space weather factors. This paper is intended to give overview of operational services of SMDC Internet-based system and demonstrate their possibilities and limitations to analyze space weather phenomena and predict radiation and geomagnetic conditions in the near-Earth space during February 14–March 5, 2014. This prolonged period of high level solar and geomagnetic activity demonstrates various manifestations of the space weather: solar proton events, geomagnetic storms and outer radiation belt (RB) dynamics. Solar sources of interplanetary space disturbances and their influence on geomagnetic and radiation state of the Earth’s magnetosphere were described using output coming from SMDC’ Web-based applications. Validation of SMDC’s operational models was performed based on the quality of description of the physical conditions in near-Earth space during space weather events observed from February 14 to March 5, 2014. The advantages and disadvantages of SMDC operational services are illustrated and discussed based on comparison with data obtained from satellites.