Nurse-led follow-up to outpatients with cancer pain treated with opioids at home—telephone calls plus WeChat versus telephone calls only: a quasi-experimental study

Patient Preference and Adherence. 2019;Volume 13:923-931


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Patient Preference and Adherence

ISSN: 1177-889X (Print)

Publisher: Dove Medical Press

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Medicine (General)

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



Qiao S
Tang L
Zhang W
Tian S
Liu M
Yang L
Ye Z


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 16 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Shina Qiao*, Leiwen Tang*, Weibo Zhang, Suming Tian, Minjun Liu, Lili Yang, Zhihong YeAffiliated Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Recently, cancer pain management has come increasingly to be provided in outpatient settings, requiring health-care providers and outpatients to take on responsibilities. Pain is among the most distressing symptoms of cancer.Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of nurse-led telephone calls plus WeChat versus telephone calls only for the pain management of outpatients with cancer.Methods: 231 outpatients with cancer pain were classified into two groups (group 1, N=125; group 2, N=106). Group 1 was followed up with weekly telephone calls for eight weeks, and group 2 with weekly telephone calls combined with the booklets through WeChat for eight weeks. Differences between groups in pain level, side effects, medication adherence, and satisfaction with pain management were analyzed, and statistical differences were tested usingan independent-sample t-test and a chi-squared test.Results: Group 2 had a significantly lower rest pain (p<0.01), and lower move pain but there was no statistical difference between the two groups. Among patients in group 2, constipation, nausea and vomiting, and dizziness were less (p<0.01), while medication adherence (p<0.05) and pain management satisfaction were higher (p<0.01) than patients in group 1.Conclusion: Nurse-led follow-up telephone calls combined with WeChat significantly reduced opioid-related health problems, such as pain intensity, side effects and medication adherence.Keywords: nurse, follow-up, telephone, WeChat, outpatient, cancer pain