Evaluation of infertility indicated for women failed to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse and for women over 35 years failed to conceive after 6 mo of unprotected intercourse, because the fertility decline as women approach 40 years. Evaluation of infertile couple should begin with semen analysis of male partner. If the semen analysis is within normal range, evaluation then move on to female partner. Evaluation of the infertile woman should be carried in cost-effective manner to identify the causes of infertility using the least invasive methods. Methods of evaluation of infertile women include: 1) history and physical examination; 2) evaluation of the male partner; 3) documentation of ovulation; 4) evaluation of the ovarian reserve; 5) evaluation of cervical causes of infertility; 6) evaluation of uterine causes of infertility; 7) documentation of the tubal patency; and 8) exclusion of peritoneal causes of infertility. Evaluation of infertile couple should include evaluation of both partners. Semen analysis for the male partner, followed by documentation of ovulation and evaluation of genital tract patency. PCT is not used as routine evaluation of infertile women. Laparoscopy is not used as routine evaluation of infertile women unless there is suspected peritoneal factors of infertility or endometriosis or tubal occlusion. Ovarian reserve should only be done for infertile women with diminished response to external gonadotropins (not routine).