F1000Research (Nov 2019)

Hemangioma: Recent Advances [version 1; peer review: 2 approved]

  • Austin DeHart,
  • Gresham Richter

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 8


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Hemangiomas are common benign vascular tumors that often present in childhood. Diagnosis is based on clinical history, physical examination, and, when unclear, assisted with ultrasound or MRI. While the majority are small, nonproblematic, and can be managed conservatively, some hemangiomas may be associated with underlying syndromes or concerning for visceral involvement. Symptomatic lesions may develop ulceration, bleeding, vision disturbances, functional limitations, or disfigurement. The ideal treatment for a symptomatic hemangioma is often multimodal and may vary depending on the size, location, and proximity to critical structures. Medical treatments include topical beta blockers, oral propranolol, or steroid injections. Surgical resection and laser therapies may be necessary to optimize long term outcomes.