Journal of Blood Medicine (Jan 2022)

Expression of CD11a, CD11b, CD11c, and CD18 on Neutrophils from Different Clinical Types of Malaria in Malawian Children

  • Mandala WL

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 13
pp. 1 – 10


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Wilson Lewis Mandala1– 3 1Academy of Medical Sciences, Malawi University of Science and Technology (MUST), Thyolo, Malawi; 2Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, Blantyre, Malawi; 3Basic Sciences Department, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, MalawiCorrespondence: Wilson Lewis Mandala Tel +265 8-8885-8454Email [email protected]: Malaria in individuals who have never had an infection before is usually characterized by an inflammatory response that is linked to the expression of specific activation markers on cells of the innate immune system.Methods: This study investigated absolute white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil counts and expression of several adhesion markers on neutrophils from HIV-uninfected children who were suffering from cerebral malaria (n=35), severe malarial anemia (SMA, n=39), and uncomplicated malaria (n=49) and healthy aparasitemic children (n=33) in Blantyre, Malawi.Results: All clinical malaria groups had higher WBC and neutrophil counts compared to healthy controls, with the acute SMA group having significantly (p< 0.0001) higher WBC counts than the controls. These elevated counts normalized during recovery. Surprisingly, in all clinical malaria groups, the surface expression of CD11b, CD11c, and CD18 on neutrophils was lower than in healthy controls, again normalizing during convalescence.Conclusion: In areas where Plasmodium falciparum malaria is hyperendemic, such as where this study was conducted, neutrophils have reduced expression of adhesion molecules and activation markers during acute stages of the infection, regardless of the clinical type of malaria. This reduced expression could be due to an individual’s past exposure to P. falciparum or other parasite-related factors that manifest during active malaria that still need to be investigated.Keywords: white blood cells, neutrophils, malaria, integrins, receptors