Brain Sciences (May 2021)

Effect of Allopregnanolone on Spatial Memory and Synaptic Proteins in Animal Model of Metabolic Syndrome

  • Shaimaa Nasr Amin,
  • Shaimaa Abdalaleem Abdalgeleel,
  • Mubarak Ali Algahtany,
  • Sherif Ahmed Shaltout,
  • Walaa Bayoumie El Gazzar,
  • Dalia Azmy Elberry

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11050644
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 11, no. 644
p. 644

Abstract

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Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is considered a common disorder, especially with a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy food consumption. Cognitive impairment is one of the MetS consequences that worsens the quality of life of the patients. The study aimed to assess the therapeutic effect of the neurosteroid Allopregnalonone on spatial memory and, therefore, the expression of two synaptic plasticity markers in the hippocampus. Thirty-two male rats were divided into four groups: control groups, MetS, and MetS + Allopregnalone. Spatial memory has been evaluated by the Y-maze task and blood pressure measured by the rat tail method. Biochemical evaluation of serum glucose, insulin, lipid profile, and hippocampal expression of Synaptophysin and Associated Protein 43 (GAP-43) were performed for assessing Allopregnanolone on serum and hippocampal markers. Allopregnanolone therapy improved working spatial memory, hypertension, and biochemical markers measured in the serum and hippocampus.

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